It affects up to 3 in 100 children and affects fertility
Hernia is one of the most common diseases in our lives. It can strike anyone, but the most common is in children.About three out of every 100 children will have this problem, especially if they are born prematurely.If the hernia is not treated in time, it can become stuck because of the “hernia”, which leads to necrosis of the boy’s testicles and has to be removed, the consequences can be said to be very serious.There was a news report about a 2-year-old boy who suffered a severe hernia and delayed treatment, resulting in testicular necrosis and infertility.A hernia is an underdeveloped physical structure.A lump is a swelling that occurs when a part of a tissue or organ moves out of its normal position and goes where it shouldn’t, protruding into a weak part of the body such as a muscle.Hernia can be divided into congenital and acquired from the cause of hernia: 1. The congenital hernia: it is the result of the baby’s congenital dysplasia, there will be a certain organ or tissue through the innate gap is outstanding and formed a “hernia”, in general, inguinal hernia and umbilical hernia were mainly caused by congenital factors.2. Acquired hernia: This refers to hernias that develop as a result of acquired diseases.For example, because of abdominal wall injury, connective tissue abnormalities or drug effects and other reasons, the baby’s body muscle tissue is weak or defect, so that the abdominal content can be through the defect and protruding, forming a lump.It’s like an incisional hernia secondary to a surgical stoma.So, how to tell if your baby has a hernia?In general, the most common hernia in medicine is an inguinal hernia, and most hernias are indirect inguinal hernias, often on the right side, and are congenital sheaths.To be more specific, the sphingoid process is the tube that runs from the abdominal cavity down through the groin (where the thigh joins the trunk).In a normal fetus, the tube slowly closes as it develops, and by the time the baby is born, the tube is usually closed.But in some babies, the tube is not closed, leaving a gap, which is a continuous opening, which can cause the intestine, ovary or omentum to run along the gap into the groin or scrotum, so that the groin or scrotum bulges up a lump, which is often called an oblique inguinal hernia.Parents should note that female babies can also have indirect inguinal hernia, but the incidence is higher in boys, generally about 3 to 4 times as high as in girls.In female babies, protrusions may extend into the outer labia, the area around the vaginal opening;In male babies, the protrusion extends into the scrotum, a sac-like structure that houses the testicles.The most prominent feature of this hernia is a lump in the groin or scrotum.Therefore, if parents find a lump in the groin or scrotum of the baby, it is necessary to pay high attention to it, seek medical examination in time, and see if there is an indirect inguinal hernia.In addition, the general inguinal hernia of the baby will also appear “intermittent inguinal lump”.That is, lumps can sometimes pop out (e.g. when the baby is crying, defecating or straining), but they will go away on their own when the baby is lying flat or sleeping peacefully.This situation is easy to ignore, especially parents to observe carefully.Once the baby is diagnosed with inguinal indirect hernia, there are generally two cases, one is common inguinal indirect hernia, which may appear and disappear, the other is inguinal indirect hernia incarceration, more serious, but no matter which kind, it is best to go to the hospital first to check, according to the doctor’s advice to determine the treatment method.This is a common indirect inguinal hernia. Its main symptoms are a lump in the groin area when the baby is crying or exerting itself, and it will disappear when the baby is at rest. Some babies may also have symptoms such as irritability and poor appetite.The fact that the lump can disappear is not a big deal for the baby.In daily life, parents should pay attention to avoid frequent crying and strenuous exercise.But a common oblique hernia can turn into something more serious at any time — a protrusion that doesn’t go away, which is the second condition below.2. Oblique inguinal hernia incarcerated and unable to resolve. This hernia mass is firm to the touch and does not resolve.In general, the baby will have severe crying, vomiting, abdominal swelling, and protruding areas turning red or blue.The condition, known medically as incarceration, is the equivalent of a “ticking time bomb” and very dangerous.It is an emergency, and if incarcerated for a long time, it can lead to ischemic necrosis of the intestine in the hernia.So once parents find the baby lump hard, it is necessary to immediately take the baby to see a doctor, as soon as possible surgery.