Map update of “double first-class” universities: the fourth in Shaanxi province, only second in North Jiangsu province

2022-05-12 0 By

Five years later, the second batch of “double First-class” universities and construction discipline list was finally announced, a total of 147 universities shortlisted.Compared with the previous round, the latest “double first-class” construction list no longer distinguishes universities and disciplines, but collectively refers to “double first-class” construction universities and disciplines.For this change, the official explanation — “Double First-class” focus on “construction”, subject-based, not artificial demarcation of identity, hierarchy, distribution of “hats”, still less in China’s universities are divided into “three, six, nine”.Generally speaking, economy and higher education promote each other. The better the economy is, the higher the level of higher education will be.Conversely, the higher the level of higher education in the region, to a certain extent, can also promote the improvement of local economic level.Beijing, whose GDP exceeded 4 trillion yuan this year, has 34 universities in the ranking, accounting for 23% of the total. Shanghai has 15 universities in the same rank, ranking third with Jiangsu (16), a traditional economic giant.Shaanxi, a major province of education (8), ranks fourth with Sichuan and Guangdong.In addition, which provinces have been nominated for higher education, which provinces have strong discipline strength?What are the key signals from the official interpretation of the new round of “double First-class” construction?Compared with the first list released in 2017, a total of 7 new universities have been included in the new “Double First-class” construction list, namely Southern University of Science and Technology, Guangzhou Medical University, South China Agricultural University, Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai University of Science and Technology, Shanxi University, and Xiangtan University.In terms of location, Guangdong is undoubtedly the “biggest winner” — three of them are from Guangdong, two in Guangzhou and one in Shenzhen.The other four schools are Shanghai, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Taiyuan, Shanxi and Xiangtan, Hunan, respectively.After this round of adjustment, the “double first-class” provincial map ushered in new changes.From a national perspective, the top 10 provinces with universities in the new round of “double first-class” construction are Beijing, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shaanxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Hubei, Tianjin, Hunan, Liaoning and Heilongjiang.However, in terms of GDP ranking, there is a mismatch between the number of “double first-class” universities in many economically strong provinces, especially Shandong, Zhejiang and Henan.Guangdong, the largest province in economy, has achieved a “reverse attack”. The number of colleges and universities listed in the “double First-class” construction list has increased from 5 to 8, and the total number of colleges and universities in Guangdong has jumped from the 7th place to the 4th place among 31 provinces in China.In addition, central China’s Shanxi Province has two universities, tied with Henan, Chongqing and Fujian, among 12 other provinces that had only one.Specifically, what are the considerations for this new “member”?What conditions are met?According to the official interpretation of the Ministry of Education, the scope of the new round of construction has determined the principle of “overall stability, optimization and adjustment.”Guided by one of them is the demand for the layout of the adjustment, in the second round of construction during the period of “difference” national strategic needs as a guide to adjust construction subject in the field of guide, for proposed construction of the discipline of compatibility, development level and quality of comprehensive investigation, especially in basic subjects, and the medical and philosophical and social science disciplines layout.At the same time, it also proposes to encourage construction universities to take the initiative to meet the demand and optimize the caliber of discipline construction.Universities under individual construction disciplines are allowed to apply according to their own characteristics, advantages, goals and positioning, as well as the needs of national, industrial and local development.The two universities, Peking University and Tsinghua University, will decide their own disciplines and announce them.This is aimed at “expanding the autonomy of construction, pushing the focus of construction management down, strengthening the subject consciousness and innovation power of construction universities, and creating a policy and institutional environment for some universities to enter the forefront of the world”.▶ City Breakthrough: Shenzhen broke zero and Xi ‘an Advanced University determined the height of the city.In terms of cities, 147 universities are located in 43 cities across The country.The top 10 cities with the largest number of universities are Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Xi ‘an, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Wuhan, Tianjin, Changsha and Harbin.All are municipalities or provincial capitals without exception.Among them, The performance of Xi ‘an colleges and universities has improved compared with the last round.Three first-class disciplines were added in this round, namely archaeology of Northwest University, Aerospace Science and Technology of Northwestern Polytechnical University, Plant protection and Animal Husbandry of Northwest A&F University (agriculture was selected in the first round).In contrast, Suzhou, Ningbo and Wuxi, three cities with a trillion yuan economy, each have only one university on the list, while Foshan, Nantong, Dongguan and Quanzhou are still on the list.This is not difficult to understand. Compared with ordinary prefecture-level cities, provincial capitals are usually the political, economic and cultural centers of a province, with more obvious geographical advantages and more concentrated resources, which can bring more development opportunities and space for universities.”Although the number of universities and disciplines to be built in the new cycle has increased slightly, it is still a small part of China’s huge university and discipline system.”As Shi Jinghuan, a professor at the Institute of Education at Tsinghua University, puts it, China has the largest population and the largest higher education system in the world. At the same time, there is an obvious imbalance between the demand and supply of high-quality education.In recent years, many localities have made great efforts to bridge the gap between supply and demand in higher education.For example, in the past two years, guangdong province, which has been known to “spend thousands of dollars to build universities” and “make up for its shortcomings”, not only has Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, added two “double first-class” universities at a time, but shenzhen, its economic powerhouse, has also made a breakthrough in the number of “double first-class” universities from “0” to “1” with the help of Southern University of Science and Technology.At the same time, some cities are under pressure to “advance or retreat” — Chongqing only has two universities, Chongqing University and Southwest University, and five disciplines, ranking the bottom among the four municipalities.Some local media said bluntly, “Chongqing’s universities are ashamed to be included in this list.” Among the four municipalities directly under the central Government, Chongqing’s universities and disciplines can hardly rival those of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai, and chongqing has no advantage compared with neighboring Sichuan’s “double First-class” list (eight universities have been selected).Henan, which joined Chongqing in getting only two places, is clearly under pressure — zhengzhou, the provincial capital, only got one, tied with Nanchang at the bottom of the list of six provincial capitals in central China.In contrast, the provincial capitals of Wuhan and Changsha were listed with seven and four universities respectively.In the latest “double first-class” construction list released on the same day (February 14), Henan official media announced the 2022 Henan Education “30”, clear the province’s education work this year 30 key work, including: to promote the “double first-class” construction of Zhengzhou University and Henan University to improve the quality and achieve new breakthroughs in connotation construction;We will speed up the creation of 11 first-class disciplines in the 7 “double first-class” universities.According to a statement from the Ministry of Education, “The new stage of ‘double First-class’ construction should adhere to the discipline as the basis, play down the color of identity, explore a new mode of independent characteristic development, and guide universities to create first-class in their own advantageous fields and directions.”In this round of 147 universities, there are 59 basic disciplines such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, 180 engineering disciplines, and 92 philosophy and social sciences disciplines.To be specific, physics, public health and preventive medicine, and clinical medicine all increased by more than three or more, becoming hot fields.In terms of distribution, Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangsu, Hubei and Shaanxi have a large number of new disciplines, among which Fudan University in Shanghai has five new disciplines: Applied Economics, Marxist Theory, Foreign Languages and Literature, Public Health and preventive Medicine, and Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering.At the same time, archaeology at Northwest University in Shaanxi Province, aerospace Science and Technology at Northwestern Polytechnical University and other new disciplines are closely related to the characteristics of universities and local development strategies.In the deepening stage of “double first-class” construction, we should not only consider the strategic needs of national development, but also pay attention to the special needs of regional and industrial construction.Subject-based classified construction is still an important direction, and also an important index to measure the regional “strength” in the construction of “double first-class”.In terms of the distribution of disciplines, the number of “double first-class” disciplines in Beijing is as high as 90, even excluding tsinghua university and Peking University, which are the top two universities (independently set up). Beijing is truly the “First city” of higher education.Shanghai, Jiangsu, Hubei and Zhejiang together ranked the top five, with 64, 48, 32 and 23 first-class disciplines, respectively.Shaanxi ranks 7th in the number of construction projects with 20.In terms of representative universities, fudan University, Nanjing University, Wuhan University and Zhejiang University have 20, 16, 11 and 21 first-class disciplines respectively.Among them, Zhejiang University by its own efforts to Zhejiang into the strength of the top 5 ranks, which shows its strong discipline strength.In contrast, hebei, Inner Mongolia, Jiangxi, Hainan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Tibet, Qinghai, Ningxia and other “first-class disciplines” construction number is only 1, relatively lack of innovation resources, need to catch up.It is worth mentioning that In recent years, Shanxi, a traditional “high-education depression”, has increased to 3 first-class disciplines by making great efforts to “strengthen its weak spots”.Among them, Shanxi University has been listed as the “double First-class” for the first time, and philosophy and physics have become newly constructed disciplines.In addition, 16 disciplines in 15 universities were publicly warned or cancelled because “the results of the first round of construction did not fully meet expectations, and the overall development level, sustainable development ability and growth and improvement degree of similar disciplines are relatively behind”.Related disciplines will be re-evaluated in 2023, and those that fail will be removed from the construction scope.We got a new caller. We got a warning.Under the background of “first-class disciplines” emphasizing more demand-oriented and more closely meeting the national or regional strategic needs, this competition is not only related to the development of colleges and universities, but also related to the destiny of cities, which is an area of fierce competition that cannot be ignored.Attached: List of universities and Construction Disciplines for the Second Round of “Double First-class” Construction (© China Education)