Shang Dynasty tomb found in Lishi may belong to the highest ranking aristocrat of the indigenous group

2022-05-02 0 By

Shanxi daily reporter Meng Miao reported on March 14, archaeology institute of Shanxi Province issued a new archaeological finds, the archeologists in lishi district, luliang city in our province xinyi town HouShi Village found two shang dynasty tombs, one is to be found in the Yellow River on both sides of the shanxi-shaanxi-inner Mongolia plateau the most sympathetic person, with the largest scale and highest level of shang dynasty tombs, from the tombs of scale analysis,It is likely that the tomb belonged to the highest-ranking nobleman of the Luliang Mountain indigenous group.The two shang tombs discovered this time are located in the northeast of Houshi Village, Xinyi Town, Lishi District, Luliang City, known locally as “Zhonghe Plateau”.This area had clues in the early cultural heritage survey, which was registered as “Houshi Village site”. Pottery pieces of the Second Phase of Miaodigou, Shang dynasty and Eastern Zhou Dynasty were collected nearby.For coordination with 2020 national highway 209 line encountered engineering construction, the archaeological institute of Shanxi Province, the combination of the archaeological institute of luliang city land within the scope of exploration and discovery of 38 ancient tombs were retrieved from archaeological excavations, 36 for eastern zhou period tombs, distribution in southwest cemetery has only two shang dynasty tombs, numbering M32, M21 respectively.According to the introduction, the most valuable excavation is M32, the shape of the tomb is a vertical pit tomb, nearly square plane, no ramp, no waist pit at the bottom of the tomb.The mouth of the tomb is 3.7 meters long from east to west and 3.5 meters wide from north to south. The burial chamber covers an area of about 13 square meters.A total of 51 pieces (groups) of copper, pottery, bone, shell and clam were unearthed, including 39 shells (shellfish), 3 shells and bone rings respectively, bronze dagger, turquoise pipe, clam ornaments, pottery pot, pottery basin and the fragment of pottery three-foot urn.The pottery combination pot, pottery basin and three-legged urn unearthed from M32 and the bronze dagger are all very special in shape, and comparable similar types are rare.Pottery POTS, small mouth, low collar, round shoulder, decorated with rope pattern, similar small mouth POTS are more common in Lijiaya cultural distribution area.Pottery basin, flat bottom open, uneven thickness of the wall, there are obvious mud plate traces, the abdomen was first decorated with vertical rope pattern, and then most of the wall was erased during the wall dressing.Compared with the similar vessels of Lijiaya culture, the arc of the junction between the foot and the body of the three-legged urn is more gentle and the transition is not obvious.In particular, the hollow hilt and lance-shaped spear of the bronze dagger show a strong cultural flavor of the northern grassland.The two most similar ones are found in the Yakutia region of north-eastern Russia.The unique shape and shape of this kind of bronze jian is discovered for the first time in China.According to reports, the owner of M32 tomb was found on the top of the coffin cover, with severe bone disturbance in the skull and upper limb, and a large area of cinnabar traces under the body.Archaeologists also found six martyrs in the tomb chamber.Among them, two were adult females, aged between 20 and 35 years;One was a child, aged about 10 years;One male, gender unknown, aged 18 to 25 years;One was male, aged between 15 and 20;The other is an adult male, 25 to 30 years old.The archaeological project director and archaeology institute of Shanxi Province deputy research librarians kevinbales introduction, look from the current archaeological discoveries, M32 tomb is to find the most sympathetic person shanxi-shaanxi-inner Mongolia plateau on both sides of the Yellow River, the largest scale and highest level of shang dynasty tombs, burial Guo chamber upper clear fire, MuZhuRen was destroyed tomb in serious disturbance such as violence,It reveals the complex political situation in the multi-cultural background of the region.The nearly square tomb shape provides new enlightenment for understanding the characteristics of high-level tombs in this area, and the discovery of special bronze dagger in shape also refreshes the previous understanding, which is an important breakthrough in shang dynasty archaeology in Shanxi and Shaanxi Plateau in recent years.Shanxi Daily statement: the copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a wrong source or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through email, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com